Big Brother Is Watching Us: The Rise Of CCTV In India

Posted: April 25, 2015

We are so used to CCTVs around us that it’s ‘normal’ now. But do we really understand the rise of CCTV in India and its impact on us? 

Recently, a bicycle was stolen from within the building I live in. The security guards posted at gate denied having seen anybody taking away any bicycle. The owner claimed it was new and produced the bill as proof. The matter ended when the security guard on duty was penalized and the cost of the bicycle was recovered from his salary. One may wonder if the security guard receives a pay from which the cost of a bicycle can be recovered. Maybe, the cost was recovered in instalments!

There is another gate in the compound from where the bicycle could have been taken outside and that gate is not manned. Yet, all this was never looked into as the cycle owner was cross that his cycle was stolen.

As a result of this theft, closed-circuit televisions (CCTVs) have been placed at various spots like within the lifts and at three different entrances to the building. All these CCTVs are keeping a close watch on the residents, visitors, workers like sweepers, salesmen, guests et al – in short, anyone who ever enters the gates! In many housing complexes, there are even cameras installed in each flat to screen a potential accused.

CCTVs watch us in airports, ATMs, banks, railway stations and shops. Now, CCTVs have come so close. Close to homes, I mean. This is just like the future predicted by George Orwell in his novel 1984 wherein all individuals are being closely monitored by the State with cameras.

This is just like the future predicted by George Orwell in his novel 1984 wherein all individuals are being closely monitored by the State with cameras.

And believe me, we are being told, it is all for our benefit(s)! Really? The CCTV footage of the man who brutally assaulted the woman at the ATM in Bangalore is there for all to see. And still, it took so long for the assaulter to be arrested.

It is doubtful if a CCTV footage of Preeti Rathi’s attacker was caught due to CCTV footage at the Bandra terminus as it was reported to be unclear. The woman died after struggling for life in a city hospital.

The banks have now decided to limit the number of transactions  at ATMs to five in a month. This means five snaps in a month. This came as a purported solution to prevent attacks on potential victims in isolated ATMs. No wonder, the number of selfies on social networking sites has gone up exponentially.

We all are celebrities now. Whatever we do is being recorded by cameras  everywhere; at the airports, ATMs, banks, bus, stops, lifts, offices, railways stations, shops and traffic signals. All this is being done in the name of our safety and security. From whom? From ourselves obviously, since this is the age of mistrust. This hardly makes us behave. In fact, we have worsened since we are being watched; we behave atrociously and get away with it. Just like the celebrities.

We must cooperate in this exercise of  suspecting each other. This is just like Big Boss except that all are winners at losing their privacy.

We must cooperate in this exercise of  suspecting each other. This is just like Big Boss except that all are winners at losing their privacy. Very soon, all these CCTVs can be linked with each other in one pan India grid, Hence, George Orwell’s 1984 is going to become a reality.

‘Selfie’ was one of the most popular words of the year that went by. This just shows how self-obsessed we all are. Despite being under constant surveillance, we keep clicking ourselves and display it to the world at large.

Not only are we being followed as we go about our mundane daily chores, we are being mobbed for our autographs and other details. In the banks, we are asked for our identity, our signatures, proof of residence, income proof et al. Ditto for ATM cards, credit cards, telephone connections and electricity. In fact, it is called Know your customer (KYC) norms. Admirable indeed, except that the customers learn about the bank, the phone provider or the electricity company only after money has been paid.

KYC is for all customers – new and old one. Yet, it is tedious to keep submitting KYC forms on a daily, monthly and yearly basis. Our photos are lapped up by all these service providers and that too autographed ones. Product endorsements are the next stop for us with our actors, authors, models and sports stars. Multi-national companies like Colgate and Dove are using the common man to promote their brands! We never had it so good, isn’t it? We are being paid for going public with our choices.

Very soon, our voting is going to get public. It will not be secret ballot any more. CCTVs will show who voted for whom. Oops! Why CCTV, when there can be selfies by people themselves casting their votes. Selfie is a photo by the self, of the self, for the people! Selfie is a natural progression of democracy, which is by the people, of(f) the people and for the people.

This post was first published at the author’s blog.

Image of a cctv camera via Shutterstock

I am a law graduate from Government Law College,Mumbai.I am a Fellow in

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  1. A studied and well written article. The article rightly refers to and is successful in proving a point of George Orwell prophecy in his novel 1984 that everybody is going to be watched by the State. Unfortunately, these devices are generally found or made not functioning or malfunctioning when buglers, thieves…and bad elements face them. It is not to say that no purpose will be served by installation CCTVs. It should be ensured that the CCTVs function 24x7x365 days a year.
    A reference to selfies …could have been avoided. Not much of relevance.

  2. Nice article , I was not aware of tis 5 transaction decision was taken based on recent attack. I thought it’s part cost reduction

  3. R.G.Nakhate,CCTVs are often found to be non working .In many cases ,they give blurred images which confuse & confound. Selfies are an obsession with public. I tried to connect CCTvs & selfies. Maybe ,I should have stated that CCTVs very seldom seem to have served purpose. High quality CCTVs will work & yet cost factors will need to be worked out. Just installing CCTVs seldom works. Maintenance has to be looked into as well.

  4. POPS, Banks have tried to limit transactions at ATMs as increased security at ATMs following the Bangalore ATM attack has increased costs for maintenance of ATMs by Banks.

  5. A good and detailed article, I guess we should used CCTV cameras for sure as they are for our security but simultaneously we should not compromise on vision according to the area and time because a camera placed at public place should be properly tested and checked if it can solve the purpose else Camera should be replace with better specifications. If the purpose is not getting solved timely then everything is considered waste being it any sort place a home, a school, a railway station, a shop, a park etc etc

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