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Time flies with wings and kids become big. Before we as parents feel that somewhere we have left something undone to make them learn, some points are important to be kept in mind.
Kids learn from whatever they see in their homes and school as well. In the early stage of their life its important for parents to be their role models and give them such an environment, so that their attitude should be positive and they should become independent.
From 1-2 years – This time period of kids’ life is defined by milestones. This time they learn to eat on their own, to walk, to hold things. Their likes and dislikes also change rapidly at this time. Kids should know about their body parts. Start with the elements of the face.
Tell them about eyes, nose, ear, tongue and teeth. At this time coordination between movements of hands and direction of eyes starts. Kids take interest in activities like clay modeling, hand & finger painting and they learn to make new things. These activities develop motor skills in kids, that helps them to practice writing and drawing later. Parents should make them learn to speak words like thank you, sorry & please.
Repetition of these words help kids learn general etiquette. Set the time table for kids and remind kids according to the time table. At the beginning of 2 years, kids should learn good habits like to wash hands before eating food, daily brushing teeth, daily taking bath, eating breakfast and dinner on time.
From 2- 3 years – At this age kids can learn to understand things and facts. This is the right time when parents should make their kids learn to respect the feelings of others, to be cooperative with others, to share things with others. These habits can also be taught while playing with kids like, while playing waiting for your turn, giving toys to other kids coming home to play, and to talk with respect with elders.
Parents should make their kids learn to eat with cleanliness, not to spoil the table while eating food or snacks, not to speak while eating food, not to snatch food or any other eatables from others, not to pick others’ things without asking them. They should learn to respect instead of being scared and hesitant. Make the kids learn to draw straight and zig zag lines by pencil, to fill colors in small figures, this will develop hand muscles.
From 3-4 years – At this age parents should make kids learn to understand positive and negative emotions like what to do when angry and to train them to control feelings like jealousy, fear, tension, hesitation, anxiety. Kids should learn to understand the difference between needs and desires. Like…if they are waiting for their favorite pizza , but school uniform, winter dresses, shoes etc are things needed, they should be purchased first. Parents should make kids learn the difference between good and bad touch. They should not allow strangers to touch them.
From 4- 5 years – At this age kids learn to use computer, ipad very nicely and can also make friends in schools and localities. Parents should make kids understand that winning and losing is a part of the game, and not to cry or fight with friends when they lose the game. We have to make them learn to be part of a group instead of being alone, teach them to be responsible, to put books in bags, clean their room, their study cupboard, watering the plants, helping while doing work in kitchen.
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