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Information, Communication, and Technology (ICT) play a crucial role in the overall development of young girls and women yet the gendered gap in the field of ICT remains vast!
Information, Communication, and Technology (ICT) play a crucial role in the overall development of young girls and women yet the gendered gap in the field of ICT is vast.
In states like Rajasthan, where discrimination against women and girls is highly prevalent, efforts to bridge this gap through digital literacy are proving to be a game changer. The interventions designed and being implemented by both the government and non-government organizations have contributed immensely towards addressing this gap, especially in rural regions of the country.
Twenty-one-year-old Deepika Soni, a resident of Lohakhan Basti in Ajmer, Rajasthan, is one such example of how access to digital literacy can alter the route of development for adolescent girls from underserved communities.
Deepika was a student at one of the Sakhi Centres (Tech Centres) run by Mahila Jan Adhikar Samiti (MJAS), a non-government organization based in Ajmer. Today, she has become a digital educator at the same centre.
She had also completed the Rajasthan State Certificate of Information Technology (RSCIT) programme conducted by the Government of Rajasthan. Through its targeted initiatives such as Digital Kishori Bane Saksham – Computer Learning Program, Grassroots Journalism, and Each One Teach Ten – Mobile Learning, MJAS has been able to digitally empower over 2000 adolescent girls from rural areas of this district.
Explaining the interventions, Mery Sadumha and Kamini Kumari, two young trainers at the centres, said that the courses are based on the feminist approach to technical learning, in which the girls not only acquire technical knowledge but also learn about their rights and decision-making. This empowers them not only socially but also financially.
“Girls from different villages and settlements of the district are learning these courses. They come from different castes and communities,” informed the duo.
Mery while training girls at the centre
19-year-old Maya Gurjar of Padampura village, currently working as the in-charge of MJAS’s Sakhi centre in her own village, expressed, “In 2021, I received a smartphone for a journalism course by the organization. This was the first time I had touched and operated a phone so closely. At that time, I felt as if I had entered a new world,” shared Maya with a twinkle in her eyes.
Adding, “At present, I am fully aware of all the features of Android mobiles and consider myself digitally educated. I don’t depend on anyone to know about any government scheme. I can easily get information about government schemes and job vacancies without having to visit eMitra.”
Maya also provides training to other girls at the centre on how to use phones and laptops. This allows her to take care of her own educational and household expenses.
Digital literacy has not only empowered the girls to stay updated with the latest information but also contributed towards making them financially self-sufficient. Like Maya, 18-year-old Monika, a resident of Ajaysar village, manages a Sakhi Center and earns for herself.
“I have bought a scooter for myself with the money received by working at the centre. And now I can go to college or anywhere easily,” said Monika with a sense of pride.
Talking about other benefits of acquiring digital education, Manju, the assistant in charge at the same centre, believes that digital literacy makes it easier for students to prepare for government jobs from the comfort of their homes. They no longer have to face the problem of a lack of transportation and pay costly fees to the coaching centres, as they can easily access tutorial videos on YouTube and other digital platforms.
Reflecting on how difficult it was to start the centres in the villages, Indira Pancholi, the founding member, MJAS, said, “Where there is a ban and financial penalty on the use of phones for girls, it was a difficult task for the organization to provide them complete control of digital resources. Opening such centres were tantamount to challenging the patriarchal society. But these centres have been able to run successfully only because of these girls and their hope to move forward in their lives and the courage to face the challenges.”
So far, MJAS has established nine such Sakhi Centres, where books, libraries, tablets, and internet connections have been made available to digitally empower adolescent girls. At these centres, various programmes on life skills, health, and the environment are also organized for the girls in order to raise their awareness on all levels.
These girls from rural areas have not only understood the importance of digital literacy but also made it a way of their lives. At the same time, while several reports state that rural girls have limited access to phones and technology, the examples set by MJAS’s centres can provide a ray of hope!
Image source: author and hadynyah via Getty Images, free on CanvaPro
Neeraj Gurjar, the writer, is a student from Ajmer, Rajasthan. She is also a recipient of Sanjoy Ghose Media Awards 2022.
The article was first published in Daily Pioneer.
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There are many mountains I need to climb just to be, just to live my life, just to have my say... because they are mountains you've built to oppress women.
Trigger Warning: This deals with various kinds of violence against women including rape, and may be triggering for survivors.
I haven’t climbed a literal mountain yet
Was busy with the metaphorical ones – born a woman
Fighting for the air that should have come free
And I am one of the privileged ones, I realize that
Yet, if I get passionate, just like you do
I will pay for it – with burden, shame, – and possibly a life to carry
So, my mountains are the laws you overturn
My mountains are the empty shelves where there should have been pills
When people picked my dadi to place her on the floor, the sheet on why she lay tore. The caretaker came to me and said, ‘Just because you touched her, one of the men carrying her lost his balance.’
The death of my grandmother shattered me. We shared a special bond – she made me feel like I was the best in the world, perfect in every respect.
Apart from losing a person who I loved, her death was also a rude awakening for me about the discrimination women face when it comes to performing the last rites of their loved ones.
On January 23 this year, I lost my 95 year old grandmother (dadi) Nirmala Devi to cardiac arrest. She was that one person who unabashedly praised me. The evening before her death she praised the tea I had made and said that I make better tea than my brother (my brother and I are always competing about who makes the best chai).
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