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PCOS or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can cause a lot of distress, especially among younger women, but there are ways to deal with it.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is mostly diagnosed in girls and women aged between 15-44 years of age. It could even start during puberty. Though the cause has not been pinpointed yet, it is known to occur in females with a hereditary tendency to obesity, or if any other member in the family, mostly on the maternal side, has been diagnosed with PCOS.
It causes hormonal levels to go out of balance, causing a disturbance to estrogen and progesterone levels in a woman’s body. These uncontrolled levels affect her ovaries, causing an unusual growth of ovarian cysts, leading to irregular menstrual cycles, also having an effect on the woman’s appearance. Her fertility can be affected, and she can be more prone to cardiac diseases. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is also linked to the development of several other medical conditions such as insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and heart diseases. Excess insulin is thought to affect a women’s ability to ovulate due to its effect on androgen (male hormone) production. In addition to the inability to ovulate, an advancement in androgen can cause a girl/woman to experience excessive hair growth and weight gain.
PCOS can be regarded as a premetabolic syndrome condition dealing with risks for cardiovascular disease. Its pro-inflammatory markers are early features of atherosclerosis (a hardening or narrowing of blood vessels/arteries, disturbing the flow of blood in the body) and can be used as surrogate indicators of future coronary artery disease in women with PCOS.
It can be quite embarrassing for teenage girls or even younger women suffering from PCOS and related problems at a younger age, who might not know the exact cause of their problems.
Here I would like to take my example, having been a patient of PCOS for last six years, and having undergone some related problems of PCOS.
I wasn’t able to understand what was wrong with me, as no-one in my family has this problem. I was obese even though I was a very active teenager. It took me time to understand my mood swings and depression that would last for a long time. And for a teenager, it can be a big deal when their parents start about their ‘churning wheels in her mind’, and ‘exactly what’s the reason behind her depression’. I could better understand feelings of girls specially older girls going to school or college and feeling embarrassed, as the obvious symptoms of PCOS can be excess hair growth on the face or acne problems, unusual weight gain, leading to lower self esteem and a depressed state of mind.
Going to doctor or consulting a gynaecologist proves to be a great help (specially as they tend to bring their patients into a comfortable zone), and knowing and discussing about treatments with them. The treatment could include, other than medication and counselling, vigorous activity or exercise, eating heart-healthy foods, and quitting smoking or alcohol (if any PCOS sufferer does it).
There are some home remedies that could be beneficial, along with a proper diet:
Some foods that are extremely helpful in controlling the depression:
Treatment of depression caused by Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is essential, needing awareness and a lot of patience. Treating PCOS requires a commitment to major lifestyle changes, but it is something that a women can do to bring her natural life back on track.
Image source: shutterstock
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Shows like Indian Matchmaking only further the argument that women must adhere to social norms without being allowed to follow their hearts.
When Netflix announced that Indian Matchmaking (2020-present) would be renewed for a second season, many of us hoped for the makers of the show to take all the criticism they faced seriously. That is definitely not the case because the show still continues to celebrate regressive patriarchal values.
Here are a few of the gendered notions that the show propagates.
A mediocre man can give himself a 9.5/10 and call himself ‘the world’s most eligible bachelor’, but an independent and successful woman must be happy with receiving just 60-70% of what she feels she deserves.
Darlings makes some excellent points about domestic violence . For such a movie to not follow through with a resolution that won't be problematic, is disappointing.
I watched Darlings last weekend, staying on top of its release on Netflix. It was a long-awaited respite from the recent flicks. I wanted badly to jump into its praise and will praise it, for something has to be said for the powerhouse performances it is packed with. But I will not be able to in a way that I really had wanted to.
I wanted to say that this is a must-watch on domestic violence that I stand behind and a needed and nuanced social portrayal. But unfortunately, I can’t. For I found Darlings to be deeply problematic when it comes to the portrayal of domestic violence and how that should be dealt with.
Before we rush to the ‘you must be having a problem because a man was hit’ or ‘much worse happens to women’ conclusions, that is not what my issue is. I have seen the praises and criticisms, and the criticisms of criticisms. I know, from having had close associations with non-profits and activists who fight domestic violence not just in India but globally, that much worse happens to women. I have written a book with case studies and statistics on that. Neither do I have any moral qualms around violence getting tackled with violence (that will be another post some day).